Assess Family Planning Needs, Preferences and Behaviors to Inform Innovations in Contraceptive Techn
Funds for NGOs Last date 9 Nov 2016
Assess Family Planning Needs, Preferences and Behaviors to Inform Innovations in Contraceptive Technologies (Round 18)
ROADBLOCKS:In recent decades, there have been tremendous improvements in the reproductive health of men and women in the developing world and increases in the use of modern methods of family planning. Nonetheless, many women, couples and adolescents do not or are not able to access information, supplies and services that could facilitate preventing unplanned pregnancies and planning the number and timing of desired pregnancies. Current modern contraceptive methods are safe and effective when used according to directions; however, there are over 200 million women in the developing world who report that they want to space or limit their childbearing but also report not currently using these methods. Such unmet need for modern contraception is estimated to be approximately 30% among women in union in Sub-Saharan Africa and approximately 20% among women in union in Southern and Southeastern Asia, with considerable variation among countries.1 Unmet need is disproportionately high in segments of the population, including among unmarried or nulliparous women, adolescents and other groups.
Reasons for unmet need vary; in large national surveys, the most common explanations women give for non-use of family planning methods in regions where such need is highest include health concerns or side effects, infrequent sex, breastfeeding or post-partum, poor access to family planning supplies and services, partner reluctance and prohibitive costs. Approximately 70% of unmet need is attributable to method-related barriers and new contraceptive methods will be essential to overcome these barriers and increase user uptake and satisfaction. While these data convey the breadth and basic characteristics of unmet need and non-use, more precise and contextualized data could be valuable to inform the design of truly transformational new contraceptive technologies. It is a challenge to effectively and efficiently allocate the limited available resources to the development of new methods when the diverse and changing needs and perspectives of potential users, providers or program managers are not well understood.
We see an opening to learn about the fundamental needs, preferences and motivations of use of modern contraceptive methods, in order to accelerate towards universal access to reproductive health through the application of such learnings to the development of innovative FP methods and products.
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